HIV

The Club’s colours have been red, yellow and blue with a heart embossed in the sterm of the Oak tree as a symbol.

1. FOUNDED: 11th November, 1911

2. FOUNDERS:

I. A group of young men led by Christopher Brandford Nettey (later Asafoatse Nettey), a war leader of the Ga State in the colonial times. His other colleagues include the Sinon-Okraku brothes (Adolf, Alfred and Wilhelm), J.T .O Ankrah, J.A Aryee, Dodoo Annang, Darku Abbey, Mark Nettey, the Solomon duo (Amponsah and Kwashie), the Bruce-Tagoe brothers (W.W and T.F), Willie Ocran, TF Wilson, JDK Botwe, FD Amoo, Peter Malm and Quarshie Coker, Akom Duncan.
II. In fact all the founders were the first players of the team.
III. 1st CAPTAIN: – They chose Saltpond-born Akom Duncan as their first playing captain.

3. It was the third football club in Ussher Town the then Gold Coast after Excelsior (1903 in Cape-Coast) and Invincibles (1910 in Accra) to provide challenge to a club called Invincibles, then the only football club in James Town.
It is, at the moment, the only existing Club out of 3 above-named, signifying its strength and character as the HEARTS OF AN OAK TREE.

4. SLOGAN: WAY HEARTS – NEVER SAY DIE

5. MOTTO/EMBLEM/COLOURS:
The Club’s colours have been red, yellow and blue with a heart embossed in the sterm of the Oak tree as a symbol. The motto “NEVER SAY DIE” reflects the art, science and reality that the Oak tree is very strong and tough in the forest and thus able to survive all kinds of weather conditions. Yes, as a human institution, the founding fathers were very much aware that there would be good and bad times at one stage or the other due to mortal failures, shortcomings and differences in opinion. They however never compromised on the spirit of love and unity that bonded them together to be able to ride the storms of life.

6. THREATS TO EXISTENCE.
a. In the early 20s there was disagreement between the old guards and the Young Turks in Management over structural differences. When the problems were solved the Club emerged a stronger and better team. One of the young players that emerged was the late General J.A Ankrah, former Head of State and Chief Life Patron of the Club.

b. In the early 70s the decision to elect, instead of appointing the Chairman polarized the Club into the Lawyer Osekere and Doctor Konney factions.
c. And, in the 80s there was division over which of the two (2) Board of Directors was in charge and, that led to Hearts of Oak sending two sides to play Sekondi Hasaacas in a league match in what came to be known as the “Gallant 14 Episode”

d. Again in the 90s, issues of whether it was the Patrons or Directors who had absolute control over the Club was fiercely litigated in the court, but thank God today our club is alive and healthy.

7. THE 1986 REVOLUTION
In 1986 a mass transfer never witnessed before in the club’s history saw 23 players, most of them members of the Black Stars being transferred by an IMC headed by Capt (Rt) Dr. Nyaho Nyaho Tamakloe. The events giving rise to this were as follows.
The club had performed dismally in the league (placing 9th) and also eliminated at the ¼ finals stage of the Africa Clubs Championship all due to a number of factors, including player – indiscipline. There was also a feeling of general despondency within the rank and file and, crisis meeting was convened at which both the Council of Patrons and the Board of Directors agreed to hand over the club to the Ministry of Youth and Sports.
Then PNDC Secretary of Youth and Sports the late Ato Austin put in place an IMC headed by Capt (Rt.) Dr. Nyaho Tamakloe who lost no time in putting on transfer over 23 seasoned players of the club amidst protest from the very fans who were displeased with the club’s performance. He also dissolved the supporters wing of the club, the National chapters Committee which appeared not to understand and appreciate his vision for the club.
The IMC stood its ground and put in place a technical team headed by P.E. Cobbina to scout for and groom a very formidable team made of unsung players who were later dubbed the “MUSICAL YOUTH” The star attraction of this talented grouped was the late Shamo Quaye. In the ensuing season (1987) this team placed 2nd in the round- robin and very agreed formular declared the Knock- out Champions. This team produced Ablade Kuma who captained Ghana to win Africa’s first-ever Olympic soccer medal (bronze though at the 1992 Barcelona Olympic).

8. INCORPORATION / CHALLENGES.
From a basic amateur unit that played the game simply for the love of it, the Club assumed its present status as a Limited Liability Company in 13th December, 1993 (with registration number 52,725) in line with a Ghana Football Association / Ministry of Youth and Sports directive that Clubs should be incorporated to reflect the kind of change being introduced in the governance structure of our football. Thus real challenges emerged. Professionalism amongst other things require the building and maintenance of a formidable squad with better service conditions and the ability to perform very well at all times with a cycle of quality players – good performance – maximum patronage – enough revenue – corporate sponsorship etc.

Today the main real challenge facing the club is finance. To address the issue, steps had been taken and approval has secured from the Security and Exchange Commission to enlist on the stock exchange. The IPO is expected to be launched soon.

9. SOME RECORDED ACHIEVEMENTS (LOCAL):
Domestic League – Won 1st organized Ghana League in 1958 and had since won it 19 more times including, a 6th consecutive and unprecedented time between 1997 and 2002.
Knock-out – 10
Super Cup – 9 times (4 times being Double Champions)

INTERNATIONAL:
(i) Africa – 1977 – Africa Club Championship (Runners-up) to Hafia Club of Guinea
1979 – Africa Club Championship (Runners-up) to Union Sportive Douala of Cameroun
THE GOLDEN MOMENTS: 2000-04
2000 – (4th) CAF Champions League (Champions) over Esperance du Tunis of Tunisia
2001 – (8th) CAF Super Cup (Winners) over Zamalek Club of Egypt
2001 – Rated 8th Best Club in the world by CNN / World Soccer Magazine
2001 – Rated 83rd out of Top 100 club in the world by International Federation of Football History and Statistics.
2001 – Rated 83rd out of top 100 Club in the world by International Soccer Magazine
2004 – 1st CAF Confederations Cup (Champions) over Kumasi Asante Kotoko in CAF’s 1st ever Inter-club finals involving two clubs from the same Country.
April 2005 – FIFA Ranking – 116th
(ii) Have represented the national team on several occasions including but not limited to Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Egypt, Congo and Uganda etc,
(iii) The Legendary Sir Stanley Mathew KBE featured as guest player for Hearts in 1957.
(iv) Have played against several top clubs across the globe including; Real Madrid, Syria Club, Flamingo (24th May 1964) and Santos (6th June 1969) all of Brazil.
Drawing 2-2 draw with Santos, Edson A “Pele” do Nascimento scored an injury-time equalizer to both goals scored by Amusa “Pele” Gbadamoshie.
In 2000, 99% of the Black stars that played against the then dreaded Super Eagles in a FIFA World Cup qualifying match were from the Club.

SOME EXCEPTIONAL STARS:
(i) Hearts of Oak Emmanuel Christ Briandt was the 1st ever Captain of the Black Stars
(ii) When the Black stars (for the first time) won Africa Cup of Nations in 1963, skipper Edward Aggrey-Fynn was also the captain of Hearts.
(iii) This was repeated in 1995 when Hearts skipper, Addo Odametey also captained the Black Stars to retain the Africa Cup of Nations.
(iv) Ghana’s Africa Cup of Nation victories in 1963, 1965 and 1978 was masterminded by Coach C.K. Gyamfi (now Nana Kumi Gyamfi I), a FIFA /CAF Technical Instructor, who also played for Hearts.
Indeed Emmanuel Christ Briandt, Charles Addo Odametey (all deceased) and C.K. Gyamfi rose to become Patrons of the Club
(v) The skipper of the Black Stars that qualified Ghana for its first ever FIFA World Cup Tournament in Germany 2006, and a repeat in south Africa 2010, Stephen Appiah, was nurtured and brought to stardom by Hearts.
Goalkeeper – Sammy Adjei (voted Africa’s Best at U’ 21 in 1999),
(vi) Other notable (and historic) players produced were
i. Adolf Armah and Mohammed Ahmed Polo: Each coming second (at various times) in the Africa Best Footballer of the Year Award in the late 70’s
ii. Ablade Kumah – Captain of the Black Meteors that won Africa’s 1st ever Olympic soccer medal (Bronze) at the Barcelona Olympics (1992).
iii. Ishmael Addo – Golden Boots Winner at the FIFA U’17 World Cup in New Zealand (1999).
10. Some other great players the club has produced (see attached)

米国のHIV感染の約4分の1の人が女性です。

女性がHIVを得ることが最も一般的な方法は、(性感染と呼ばれる)は、HIVに感染した男性パートナーとのセックスを介して行われます。

いくつかの要因は、女性におけるHIV感染のリスクを増加させます。

例えば、保護されていない膣セックスの最中に、HIVは男性に女性からよりも、女性に男性から、より容易に通過します。(無防備なセックスはなしのセックスでコンドーム)。

HIVの女性の危険性もあるため、このような注射薬の使用など彼女のパートナーのハイリスク行動の増加または他の男性と無防備なセックスを持つことができます。

HIV薬(と呼ば用いた治療は、抗レトロウイルス療法またはART)は、HIVに感染したすべての人にお勧めします。一般的には、HIV薬の使用に関する推奨事項は、男性と女性のための同じです。

HIVに感染した女性は防ぐために妊娠や出産時のHIV薬を取るHIVの母子感染をし、自分自身の健康を守る。

HIVは女性に影響しますか?

はい。

疾病管理予防(CDC)のための米国センター、米国でHIVと共に生きている約4分の1の人が女性である。

ここでは、CDCからの女性のHIVの詳細な事実です。

2013年に女性に新たなHIV感染者の総数のうち、63%がアフリカ系アメリカ人の女性に発生した、白人女性で17%、およびヒスパニック/ラテン女性では15%です。

女性がHIVを得ることが最も一般的な方法は、(性感染と呼ばれる)は、HIVに感染した男性パートナーとのセックスを介して行われます。

HIVを持っているほとんどの女性は、彼らが感染していることを知っています。

しかし、HIVと共に生きる女性のわずか45%は、彼らが必要とする注意を得ています。

HIV薬(と呼ばれると治療抗レトロウイルス療法またはARTは)HIVを持つ人々がより長く、より健康な生活を送ることができます。

ARTは、HIVに感染したすべての人にお勧めします。一般的には、HIV薬の使用に関する推奨事項は、男性と女性のための同じです。

HIVのリスク

HIVはHIVに感染した人の血液、精液、膣液、直腸流体、または母乳を介して拡散されます。

人から人へのHIVの広がりがHIV感染と呼ばれています。

HIV 感染のための主要な危険因子は、男性の場合と女性のための同じです。

無防備なセックスコンドームを HIVに感染した人とHIVに感染している人と一緒に(例えば針や注射器のような)薬物注射装置を共有します。

いくつかの要因は、女性におけるHIV感染のリスクを増加させます。

例えば、保護されていない膣セックスの最中に、HIVは男性に女性からよりも、女性に男性から、より容易に通過します。

そのような思春期の少女や萎縮、高齢女性における膣の(縮小)で未熟生殖管などの一部の年齢に関連した要因は、それが簡単にHIVは男性よりも女性に感染するために行うことができます。

HIVの女性の危険性もあるため、このような注射薬の使用など彼女のパートナーのハイリスク行動の増加または他の男性と無防備なセックスを持つことができます。

HIV治療は、男性と女性のための同じですか?

一般的には、HIV薬の使用に関する推奨事項は、男性と女性のための同じです。

しかし、彼らのHIV治療に影響を与える可能性があり、女性に特有のいくつかの問題があります。

これらの問題は、いくつかのHIV薬、避妊、妊娠と副作用のリスクの増加が含まれます。

副作用

HIV薬からいくつかの副作用はより頻繁に、または、男性よりも女性でより厳しいかもしれません。

たとえば、に起因する肝臓に関連する副作用のリスクネビラピン(商品名:ビラミューン)は男性よりも女性のための大きいです。

避妊

いくつかのHIV薬は、例えば、経口避妊薬、パッチ、リング、またはインプラントのため、ホルモン避妊薬の有効性を減少させることができます。

これらのHIV薬を服用している女性は、避妊の追加または別のフォームを使用する必要があります。

妊娠中の HIV感染女性はリスク削減に妊娠や出産時のHIV薬を取るHIVの母子感染をし、自分の健康を守る。

次のことを要因は、妊娠中のHIV薬の使用に影響を与えます。

体がHIV薬を処理する方法に影響を与えることができます妊娠中の変更のため、HIV薬の投与量は、妊娠中に変更されることがあります。

そのようなネビラピンのようないくつかのHIV薬から特定の副作用のリスクが増加する。

いくつかのHIV薬の使用と先天性欠損の潜在的なリスク。いいえHIV薬は明らかに先天性欠損症にリンクされていないが、いくつかの薬は、懸念を提起しています。

妊娠中の女性とその医療提供者は、慎重に選択する利点と特定のHIV薬のリスクを検討し、HIV療法を妊娠中に使用する。

このファクトシートは、次のソースからの情報に基づいています。

出典:クラミジアが不妊の原因・・・クラミジアに感染している人は、感染したいない人よりもエイズに感染しやすくなります。

クラミジアに感染すると性器に炎症が起きることから小さな傷口からHIVウィルスが血液に侵入するからです。

クラミジアに感染しても死なないからと軽視せずに定期的に検査をすることをおすすめします。

女性のHIV

女性におけるHIVサーベイランス(スライドセット)

保健社会福祉省から:

HIV-1に感染した成人および青年における抗レトロウイルス薬の使用に関するガイドライン

周産期のHIV伝播を減らすために母子保健介入のための妊婦のHIV-1感染女性における抗レトロウイルス薬の使用する。